Structure Overlap

Given two proteins A and B, structure overlap (also called equivalent positions) is defined as the percentage of the representative atoms in the protein A that are within 3.5Å of the corresponding atoms in the superimposed protein B.

Match Size

Match size (also called absolute similarity) is defined as the number of atoms in the list of equivalence.

Root Mean Square Deviation

Root mean square deviation (RMSD) is the norm of the distance vector between the two sets of coordinates of representative atoms, after superimposition. It is given by
Where, *N* is the match size, and **x**_{i}^{A} and **x**_{i}^{B} are the Cartesian coordinates of representative atoms of structurally equivalent amino acid residues of proteins A and B.

Z-score

For each alignment produced by CLICK, a Z-score is computed to determine the significance of the alignment. In our case, the Z-scores are an estimate of the likelihood that the alignment is different an alignment made by chance. It is computed as
Where,

A is the query structure for which similar structures are sought in a database, whose members are the structures {S_{i}}.

SO_{A-Si} is the average structure overlap (computed over the representative atoms) on the superimposition of A and S_{i} within cut-off distances of 1 Å, 2 Å, and 3 Å.
avg_SO_{bg} and std_ SO_{bg} are the average and standard deviation of structure overlap within 1 Å, 2 Å, and 3 Å of alignments
produced by aligning all members of a background database with one another. Background databases are chosen according to the submitted query.
For instance, for a query protein structure, the background database would be a non-redundant set of proteins structures consisting of 1601 chains.
Similarly, the DNA, RNA and DNA-protein complex databases consist of 107, 255 and 301 non-redundant structures respectively.
When the query structure is a fragmented chain of a structure that consists of *N* representative points, the same number of
The avg_SO_{bg} is then computed by an all-against-all alignment of these 30 selected extracts. For the comparisons of whole
molecules or for fragments containing more than 80 representative points, the background scores are computed by considering the all-against-all comparisons
of structures of 30 randomly chosen whole molecules.

For a significant match, Z-score should be above 2.5. The greater the Z-score the more significant is the match.

For a significant match, Z-score should be above 2.5. The greater the Z-score the more significant is the match.

Fragment Score

On applying heuristic measures to maintain chain or fragment continuity, some residue matches are eliminated from consideration, as they do not belong to (or are in the close proximity of) contiguously matched fragments. The fragment score is the ratio of the number of matched positions in the alignment before and after the application of heuristics. This is a handy measure to estimate the extent of similarity between two protein structures especially when they are of dissimilar fold. For structures of similar fold (and size) the fragment score is close to 1 (the maximum value).

Topology Score

The topology score is a measure of how similar the topologies of the matched structures are to one another. It is computed based on the directionality of the matched sequence fragments. Topology score varies between a maximum of 1 for topologically identical structures and 0 for those are the topologically completely dissimilar.

In each of the 4 examples, the two proteins that are matched consist of 3 different sequence segments.

The direction of the arrows that symbolize each segment show the direction from N to C termini.

Unless explicitly indicated with black arrows, the segments in the top structure is aligned to one that it is directly above.

4 different cases of sequence alignments implied by CLICK structural alignment are illustrated here a). The sequence alignment
maintain topology; topology score = 1. b) The directionality from N To C of the sequence on top is the exact opposite of that
to the one in the bottom; topology score = 0. c) Two of the three sequence segments have the same directionality; topology
score = 0.66. d) Two of the 3 segments are matched but not in sequential order; topology score = 0.66